DEPT. OF ARCHAEOLOGY

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Coimbatore

The present textile city Coimbatore is archaeologically important as it is surrounded by historical places namely Vellalur, Boluvampatti, Perur and Vettaikaranmalai. Vettaikaranmalai is known for the ancient cave paintings, which depict hunting scenes, animals, and folk dance scenes. 

Many hoards of Roman coins were unearthed at Vellalur including the gold and silver coins issued by the Roman kings of first century BCE and fourth century CE. The other interesting findings were gold ornaments with engravings of Roman figures. 


Terracotta pipes with Tamil numerals in Coimbatore - Site Museum

This department in the year 1980 conducted archaeological excavation at Boluvampatti. There were number of terracotta figurines, terracotta seal, and big sized baked bricks found in the excavation. The terracotta figurines of Yaksha, Yakshi, Maitreya and head of Buddha were found in the excavation, A  noteworthy finding was the terracotta seal with ancient Tamil script which reads as Varman. A potsherd with Tamil Brahmi letters ud; Yan Kottri, and another potsherd with Vatteluthu character reads as q;F ingu sabai vitri kuzhi  FHp. Two punch marked coins dated to 4th century CE were also found in the excavation.

A probability of the existence of the highway was traced from the bi-script inscription, namely Vatteluttu and Tamil,  which was engraved on a boulder Karradumparai near Sundakamuttur,  a small village located about 5 km south of Perur. This inscription mentions that a high way was named after one Rajakesari, who identified with Aditya I (871-909 CE) of imperial Cholas. This is the only ancient highway identified till date. This highway connected Kerala (ancient Cheranadu) via Palghat gap after passing through Perur, Vellalur, Sulur, Kattankanni, Kodumanal (ancient Kodumanam), and reached Karur, the Chera city on the banks of river Amaravathi. 

Hence, the site museum was established in the year 1981, to highlight archaeology and the mercantile activity of this region. 

Antiquities on Display

Sculptures, Potteries found in urn burials, inscription of Kongu kings, Hero stones, and the antiquities found in the exploration and excavations.

Visiting hours

10.00 am to 5.00 pm, Friday- Hoilday

Book

Guide book on Coimbatore Site Museum

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